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Talking about Influenza...

Influenza FAQ

Listen to Influenza, commonly called "the flu," is an acute viral infection of the respiratory tract caused by one of three strains of influenza virus (A, B, and C). This highly contagious disease rapidly spreads around the world in seasonal epidemics, imposing considerable economic burden in the form of health care costs and lost productivity.

Listen to What are the symptoms of the flu?

Listen to High fever
Listen to Headache
Listen to Tiredness or weakness (can be extreme)
Listen to Dry cough
Listen to Sore throat
Listen to Runny or stuffy nose
Listen to Severe aches and pains in the joints and muscles and around the eyes
Listen to Diarrhea (US spelling) / diarrhoea (UK spelling) and vomiting also can occur, but are more common in children.

Listen to These symptoms are usually referred to as "flu-like symptoms." A lot of different illnesses, including the common cold, can have similar symptoms.

Listen to What is the difference between a cold and the flu?

Listen to The flu and the common cold are both respiratory illnesses caused by different viruses. Because these two types of illnesses have similar symptoms, it can be difficult to tell the difference between them. In general, the flu is worse than the common cold, and symptoms such as fever, body aches, extreme tiredness, and dry cough are more common and intense. Colds are usually milder than the flu. People with colds are more likely to have a runny nose. Colds generally do not result in serious health problems, such as pneumonia, bacterial infections, or hospitalizations.

Listen to What are general steps to take if you get sick?

Listen to Get plenty of rest
Listen to Drink a lot of liquids
Listen to Avoid using alcohol and tobacco
Listen to Consider taking over-the-counter medications to relieve the symptoms of flu
Listen to Stay home and avoid contact with other people to protect them from catching your illness
Listen to Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze to protect others from your germs.

Listen to Who should get vaccinated?

Listen to In general, anyone who wants to reduce their chances of getting the flu can get vaccinated. However, certain people should get vaccinated each year. They are either people who are at high risk of having serious flu complications or people who live with or care for those at high risk for serious complications.

Listen to What is a ‘flu shot’?

Listen to The ‘flu shot’—an inactivated vaccine (containing killed virus) that is given with a needle, usually in the arm. The flu shot is approved for use in people older than 6 months, including healthy people and people with chronic medical conditions.

Listen to Vaccine side effects

Listen to Different side effects can be associated with the flu shot. Some minor ones that could occur are:
Soreness, redness, or swelling where the shot was given
Fever (low grade) and


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